"Textiles, Uses, Sources and Types, Production, Treatments"
We're going to learn and discover what is a textiles uses, their sources and types, how they process the production and treatments.
It is also called cloth, which are commonly used in the assembly for production and in dressmaking industry. It is a flexible woven material consisting of natural or synthetic (chemical) fibers knows as yarn or thread. This yarn or thread are spinned from the fibers of a cotton, flax, and wool. They are formed by crocheting, knitting, and weaving fiber together to produced called felt.
They are the most common used in women's clothing assembly. Some for accessories, such as handbags, purses, and women's hats. For household, for carpeting, upholstered furnishing, towels, window shades, beds and table coverings, and arts.
Also used for filtering in the industry and scienctific processes. For miscelleneous uses includes backpacks, flags, tents, and cleaning cloth such as handkerchiefs, and rags. For transportation devices such as air balloons, sailing kites, and parachutes, and for strengthening composite materials,such as fiber glass and industrialgeotextiles
It's fun for kids to learn to make collages, create toys an quilt.
common used of ,graphics...
Sources and Types:
Animal textile are most popular choice to create clothings, they are made from their hair, fur, and skin. Wool refers to the hair of a domestic goats and sheeps, which are coated with scales and tightly crimped with added mixture known as Lanolin.
Woollen- is a bulkier yarn produced from carded, non-parallel fibre.Worsted wool- is a finer fibre which spun for longer fibre which have been combed to be paralllel.
Cashmere wool- came form the hair of the Indian goat, and mohair. The most expensive wool came from the hair of angora goat, because of their softness.
Others, such as alpaca, vicuna, and camel hair wool, generally used in dressmaking and the production of coats jackets, ponchos, blankets, and most warmt clothings.Angora wool is thick long soft hair, from the angora rabbit.
Silk is an animal textile, that came form the fibre of the cocoon silkworm of China. It is spunned into a smooth shinny fabric prized for its sleek texture, perfect for dressmaking and the production of high fashion line of clothing.
gfx for animal fibre
Fashion designers, textile designers, ateliers and couturiers are inspired to design their own textile to set a fashion collection apart from each others. Few to mention, like the late Gianni Versace, Giorgio Armani, Emillio Pucci, Rodolfo Valentino and Gucci, they can easily recognized by their signature front driven designs.
(gfx sample of signature clothing of versace)
Plant fabrics- are the best choice to create in dressmaking by dressmakers especially for summer season, because they are cool to wear on a warmt weather.
Cotton, flax, jute, hemp, pineapple, ramie and even bamboo fibres are all used in dressmaking clothing and mass productions. They are generally blended to other fibres like cotton. Acetate is added to increase shininess of a certain fabric such as silk, velvet, and taffetas.
(gfx sample of plant textiles)
Mineral Textiles- such as asbestos and basalt fibres are used for vinyl tiles, sheeting and adhessives. Glass fibre is used to make and produce space-suits, ironing board cover and mattress covers, ropes and cables.
Metal fibre, metal foil and metal wire are used for the production of cloth gold and jewelry.
(gfx sample of a gold ropes and jewelry)
Synthetic fabric like polyster are used primarily for the production of clothing in the industry.
Aramid fibre- is used for flame returdant clothing, outer protection and armor.
Acrylic- is a fibre used to emmitate wools, including cashmere.
Nylon- is a fibre used to emmitate silk like panty hose.
Spandex- is a polyurethane product that is used to make active wear, bras, and swim wears.
Olefin fibre- is used in active wear, linings, and warm clothings.
Lurex- is a metallic fibre used in clothing embellishment .
Milk protein- also used to create synthetic fabric.
Carbon fibre- mostly used in composite materials.
(gfx sample of nylon clothing products)
Weaving- is a production which involves interlacing a set of longer threads, called Wrap, with a set of crossing threads called Weft.Knitting and crocheting- involve interlacing looping yarn. Spread tow- is a production method where the yarns are spread into their tapes.
Braiding or plaiting- involves twisting threads together into cloth.Knotting- is also involves tying threads together independently. Carpets, rags, velvet, and velveteen are made by interlacing, a secondary yarn through woven cloth.
Felting- involves pressing a mat of fibres together until they become tangled. Non-woven textiles are manufactured by the bonding to make fabric.
They are mostly dyed, with every available fabric coloures dying process. Coloured designs are created by weaving together, adding coloured stiches to finish the fabric, this is the embroidrey.
Tie-dying- is tying off areas of cloth and dying the rest.Batik is a drawing wax designs on cloth and dying in between them, like wood printing design. Startching was commonly used to make clothing more resistant to stain and wrinkles.
We hope that these very useful informations helps you learn furthermore in creating your arts to dressmaking for the future.
(lets move onto trims for dressmaking)